Knee replacement surgery is also termed as a knee arthroplasty. The objective of the knee replacement surgery is to relieve from the disability and also to relieve the pain in the knees. The surgery is performed by replacing the surfaces that are weight-bearing.
Who needs it?
Patients, who experience the issues of the knees like osteoarthritis. The other knee problems that generally lead to the surgeries are psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Any deformity resulted from those of issues also would lead to the surgery. Long-standing osteoporosis and trauma will make the surgery to be more complicated.
Procedures by Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Delhi
Depending on the severity of the pain and disability, there are several types of surgeries needed to be performed accordingly. These are
- Total Knee Replacement
During total Knee Replacement surgery, the surface of the knee joint that has been worn out or diseased is replaced with a new and artificial surface. The bone called cartilage is removed from the kneecap and then makes it to be replaced with the implant that is made of plastic or metal. The surgery is performed to get better relief from the osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, ligament tears and meniscus tears.
- Bilateral Knee Simultaneous Replacement
When both the knee joint caps and surfaces are worn out diseased, then the bilateral knee replacement is done simultaneously in one surgery. The complication and risks will be reduced and the recovery time will be reduced than the surgeries of each knee operated individually.
- Partial Knee Replacement
When the patient suffers from the severe knee pain because of the small problems of the knees, then the entire knee surface replacement is not necessary. And instead, the only small part of the bone or medical compartment that causes the pain will be considered to be removed. The actual and normal knee surface will not be removed.
- Revision Knee Replacement
After the surgery is completed, the life of the replaced artificial knee is worn out after its life, approximately 15 years to 20 years. Revision knee replacement is conducted by using CAS or Computer Assisted Surgery or computer navigation technology.
However, the surgical procedures like total knee replacement can be performed by the minimally invasive surgical methods that does not need for big incision.