Back pain is a chronic pain that one usually experiences in the lower back area. The pain can be mild or chronic and one may feel a burning sensation, little ache, sharp pain in the back. This pain may spread to the hands or legs including paraesthesia or weakness and deadness in the hands or legs. It may originate from the muscles, nerves, bones or joints. The back pain is pretty common in adults who usually work in front of computers for a long time or labourers. The pain is not a permanent one and maybe cured with herniated discs, injections, and simple surgeries.
Causes of Back Pain
- Spine Related Problems: The back pains may occur if there is something defective in the spinal joints, muscles or discs that are fit together.
- Herniated Discs: You may be diagnosed with back pain if it is found out that the soft cartilaginous tissues between the joints have come out. It usually is caused by wear and tear of the joints over time. Herniated disc may cause pain in the back or the lower hip as the nerves are pressed there.
- Protruding Discs: The discs sometimes bulge out or protrude out from the joints. It causes less pain, but one will feel the discs pressurizing the nerves.
- Degenerative Disc Disease: The discs act as shock absorbers between your muscles and joints. These discs ay tear or may wear out. This forces the bones to rub against one other. It usually happens in old age.
- Inflation of the sacroiliac joint: This specific joint lies between the spine and the pelvis. It doesn’t move much but is important as it transfers the weight of the upper part of the body to the lower part. The swelling of this joint may occur due to arthritis or injuries.
- Spinal Stenosis: If you have this disease, then your spinal canal may have been narrowed. These add pressure on your nerves and veins, therefore you feel numb.
- Spondylolisthesis: A bone in the vertebral column slips and moves forward, in the lower back. The degenerative form of this disease is called arthritis, which weakens the joints and bones around the spinal cord that keeps it straight and aligned. This causes the discs to move forward, away from the vertebral column.
- Lifestyle: Back pain may be brought due to some other factors.
- Slouching at your desk for long time intervals.
- Lifting heavy objects every day.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Exercising less.
- Heavy Smoking.
- Wearing high heels.